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Here you will find questions about reflexology posed by Students in Training, Graduates, and Post Graduates of the Modern Institute of Reflexology. Insight to these questions is offered by Zachary Brinkerhoff (Director of Studies), MIR Advisory Board Members, Students, Graduates and Post Graduates of the Institute. If your question is not listed here? Continue to study the Website where many answers may lay waiting in the context of an information page. You may also Email Dr. Brinkerhoff or call and talk to a Reflexology Practitioner @ 1-800-533-1837.

1. Are there any conditions that would be a contraindication for reflexology treatment?

2. When doing a reflexology treatment do we use only the amount of pressure that the client/patient/recipient can endure?

3. When I give a reflexology treatment, is there a certain way to begin. Should I work only the reflexes related to the problem requested by the client? Or should I give a full treatment?

4. Do I work on both feet simultaneously? Or one foot at a time?

5. I have watched the Video Demonstration of the Foot Joint Micro alignment Reflexology Pressure Technique, but don't seem able to do it perfectly --- Can you help me?

6. The plethora of possible reflexology side effects listed in the Full Disclosure seems rather extreme. Are we required to have recipients read this document?

7. What does ear candling have to do with reflexology? Does it really remove ear wax?

8. Is a Reflexocurist the same as a Reflexologist?

9. Does Fr. Joseph Eugster of Taiwan endorse MIR?

10. How important are the hand reflexes?

11.Has a MIR had any experience treating birds?


12. What is ?
13. Is area?
14. What about ?
15. Do I get ?
16. What is t?
17. Does ?
18. What is ?
19. Are ?
20. How do I ?

I. Are there any conditions that would be a contraindication for reflexology treatment?
(to top of page)

Contraindication is a much debated question within the Reflexology Community. A determination whether to proceed with treatment in the face of a possible contraindication depends on correct interpretation of the recipients health history, the proper technique, tempo of reflexology point activation that is utilized, understanding the reflexology mechanism of action, and intuitive sense of the practitioner drawn from an attitude of believing prayer after consideration of all available data.

I once had a recipient two days into his ankle injury (from a hunting mishap in his row boat) experience an almost instant and dramatic increase in ankle pain. He firmly requested that I cease the basic reflexology finger pressure procedure that I was applying to the corresponding point on his wrist (known as a referral area). Why the pain? Does the sudden increase in pain mean I shouldn't have treated him with this basic reflexology technique applied to a remote referral reflex point? Was the pain good? Or bad?

The first action recommended by standard medical for such such an injury is either application of pressure on the area of injury (held until the pain stops) and/or immersion in a bucket of ice water or use of an ice pack. Why? Because these procedures help to close the dilated capillaries. This excessive distention of the pores occurred at the point of tissue trauma. The swelling (edema) that occurs from this capillary pore dilation is the result of excessive blood proteins, red blood cells (bruising) and water flooding the interstitial space (space between the cells) from the traumatized capillaries. This influx of unwelcome blood components will block access of oxygen and nutrients to the cells; if the lymphatic system is unable to clear this congealing mucoid debris. Cellular death begins to occur under this condition.

Artistic comparison of the "dry" and the disease state of
the space between cells. (Courtesy of Samuel West.)

How can reflexology help correct this disease state? First we need to understand that this congestion in the interstitial space (space between the cells) is held together by what's called the "sodium/blood protein bond". If electricity is induced into the affected area by a "direct current micro amp generator" ... the valence of this bond can be broken. In addition to the many other electrical devices used in the medical community for eliminating the symptom of this congestion ... pain ... similar electricity known as the direct current of regeneration can also be directly discharged from the brain.

This DC of regeneration discharged from the brain is initially triggered by the direct current of injury created by the original trauma. However, additional reinforcement of this current of regeneration can be induced with focused meditation and/or believing prayer. A person unable to muster his own inner electrical energies through meditation, positive thinking or the prayer of faith can assist his recovery effort with acupuncture and/or reflexology applications. Or the needy person may search out a practitioner who can pass the DC of regeneration through a loving touch or the prayerful laying on of hands. Some are so gifted that they are able to pass this current of regeneration by way of a spoken word or a focused thought.

The Electric Eel operates on the same DC electrical system as
humans. The "electrical shock" emitted from their tail to kill their
prey is the same type of electricity as the current of regeneration
discharged from the human brain.

In addition to the naturally discharged DC of regeneration from the brain, simple static electricity created by friction can equally neutralize the "sodium/blood protein bond". This breakup of mucoid debris allows the now dissociated smaller particles to then flow through the lymphatic vessels and into the lymph nodes for purification and return to the blood stream where the processed debris is either recycled or eliminated as waste through the skin, kidneys, lungs, liver and the rectum via the intestines.

The question? To reflex or not to reflex? Contraindications for reflexology? Pain? Is it good or bad? Could reflexology be life threatening?

Under Zachary's watchful eye, Jesus Manzaneras, MD,
of Barcelona, Spain tutors a USA student. Teaching
thoracic reflexes 1-4 which connect with both the heart
and the lungs. This special class was conducted following
the RAA 2002 Conference in Rhode Island.

Dr. Manzaneras ( who gave 70,000 treatments to patients with a single diagnosed disease in the acute state for the purpose of establishing reliable reflex reference points) has sited a specific contraindication: "We have to be careful when treating a chronic respiratory process. If there is an infection going on, we have to wait to begin with a treatment (on the lung reflex) until the acute phase is over. DO NOT MASSAGE LUNG AREA IF THERE IS AN ACTIVE LUNG TUBERCULOSIS because we could stimulate the dissemination of germs into other organs." However, Manzaneras' contraindication does not preclude working other areas to boost the immune system.

Again, some reflexology teachers warn against treatment during the first trimester of pregnancy as a precaution against potential miscarriage due to an unstable pregnancy (just in case you may not be aware of diagnosed or undiagnosed possibilities for complications). There are others that don't think a pregnant woman should have a reflexology treatment at all. However, the Full Spectrum Reflexology Method contains enough diversity of technique that I personally believe there is a reflexology treatment that can be selectively chosen and properly applied in association with any health condition or state of disease.

It is my judgment that barefoot reflexology treatment for a female with a known history of miscarriage should be started six months before a scheduled/planned conception. In conjunction with good body water management, a nutritional diet, professional reflexology sessions, and moderate daily sunshine together with barefoot reflexology will help to tune-up the various organs and glands for their impending challenge of a successful pregnancy.

Some consider foot infection a contraindication for reflexology treatment. However, since I started working with thick cotton socks over the feet I have never turned a person away due to any type of infection (in fact I don't remember turning away any soles since 1967). The practitioner has to consider the state of his own immune system and the level of faith at which he operates. I have never taken illness through a reflexology treatment, nor for that matter when I kissed my ill wife on the lips. Again, Jesus violated the health law of his nation by touching infected lepers with his hand, but he never caught the disease ... he only healed them. The Son of Adam never turned anyone away (not even the unclean Syrophenician woman) and I personally don't anticipate refusing anyone I can get into my treatment chair.

I had a cripple in a wheelchair (like myself) come into the clinic three weeks ago ... a homeless person struggling with alcohol and his lot in life. Urine soaked from a damaged sphincter muscle I tried to get him into the Aerobic Bouncing Chair, but he suddenly experienced a spasm from a former brain injury ... straightened out ... and four of us did well to even get him back into his wheelchair. I set him up with a Photoluminescent Reflex Beamer I-1 for self treatment and asked him if he would like for me to pray with him as he wheeled towards the exit. As I took his "smelly" urine soaked hand in mine ... he gripped me firmly. When I concluded my verbal prayer ... be began to pray in turn. He was inspired and encouraged as we concluded our time together.

Yes, as I came back into the clinic I washed my hands and hand rims of my wheelchair. Yes, we washed the towels and plastic liner we put in the bouncing chair. But I bore no fear of catching any disease. My only thought was the admonition in the second chapter of James regarding discrimination against the poor man that is so common in high society. The poor man who comes into your facility dressed in soiled, vile clothing. The warning not "leave him standing or telling him to sit on the floor" in preference to the couch. "Hear this, my beloved brethren: Has not God chosen the poor of the world who are rich in faith to be heir of the kingdom which God has promised to those who love him? If you fulfill the law of God: You shall love your neighbor as yourself, you do well. But you have despised the poor."

Dr. Jesus Manzanares Corominas, MD, believes we have to think as scientists, not as theologians with a mystic focus. The answer? Manzanares states: "Nowadays ... the image of 'mystic therapy' is now disappearing due to the investigations that demonstrate reflexology's neuron biochemical base. This is the path to follow. We have to think as scientists, not as theologians." However, I believe there is merit in combining both schools of thought ... a balance between science and an intuition developed through a prayerful approach to treatment.

Dr. Alfred Reinhard Bird Bear Obes,

Reflexologist Alfred Obes, MD, agrees resoundingly that intuition has played an important role in his successful treatment of life threatening conditions. He believes that development and exercise of intuition was an integral part of his success as Head of Intensive Care. He operated his intensivist team in several major hospitals in Germany before coming to the USA. Obes and I mutually agree that both science and intuition contribute to proper diagnosis and complement each other to produce a successful outcome. The patient/recipient has to be approached as a unique individual. His request for help must be respected. His pain tolerance has to be carefully observed and not violated. And we need to remember that one man's food may be another person's poison. Therefore, prayerfully cultivated intuition is indispensable in any final reflexology treatment decision.

So, if the recipient is willing to bear the pain of dynamic healing activity and all indicators are positive .. then apply the proper reflexology technique and let the healing begin. However, a novice student needs to be patient and realize the importance of learning to make the right call through the process now known as INTUITIVE EXPERIENTIALISM.

It is taught by MIR that mistakes will be made by reflexology practitioners, and these misjudgments are considered part of the learning process. However, make sure that you learn the lesson your first time around and don't necessitate the taking of the same class twice. The Reflexologist should also be sure to have the recipient read the Full Disclosure Document and take the time to discuss any questions that might arise in the recipient's mind about the myriad of possible "side effects". Once agreement has been reached on best procedure ... let the adventure embodied in Full Spectrum Reflexology begin.

Security is mostly a superstition.
It does not exist in nature,
nor do the children of men
as a whole experience it.
Avoiding danger
is no safer in the long run
than outright exposure.
Life is a daring adventure
or nothing at all.
Helen Keller


II. When giving a reflexology treatment do we use only the amount of pressure that the client/patient/recipient can endure?
(to top of page)

Fr. Joseph Eugster demos his most painful probe technique.

When you create pressure to a specific reflex/meridian point: on a recipient; you should only create the amount of pain that THEY ARE WILLING TO BEAR. More seasoned patients will understand the value of pain and many times ask for deeper pressure. Then you are obliged to take them to the maximum level of their tolerance in order to meet their perceived need.

The practitioner's effort to meet the demand of a recipient for more pain could result in injury to himself in his effort to create the requested reflex point pressure. The resultant over-stressing of the practitioner's anatomical structure will eventually result in self-inflicted injury. This is why the use of instruments is important. They are used to meet the need of the client without creating injury to the hands or wrists of the practitioner.

Conversely, an instrument such as the DRUMmer, Dr. Wittman's Reflex-O-Massager or Reflex Beamer's can be used for dynamic effect when the pain tolerance of the recipient is very low. These type of instruments are able to create deep stimulus without the pain caused by knuckles or various wood, stone or steel probes.

Recipient Jean Wrasse enjoys Wittman's Reflex-O-Massager
activation of K1 meridian point at Afoot Connection.


III. When I give a reflexology treatment, is there a certain way to begin. Should I work only the reflexes related to the problem requested by the client? Or should I give a full treatment?
(to top of page)

First the recipient of treatment must be fully informed through a full disclosure document regarding all the possible repercussions and side effects of treatment. If they want to limit the potential for reaction to the treatment ... it would be best to limit the treatment time and focus primarily on those reflexes related to the problem area. Neutralizing the fundamental underlying cause of disease will take cooperation between both the recipient and practitioner over a period of time. In the cases of acute and the more chronic cases the time element could run from 6 months to 2 years of consistent self-treatment with professional oversight. Sometimes you will experience the one-treatment-resolution, but in the case of the older citizen? The recovery time is usually more extended.

Student Erik Z. Whisker (shown in his treatment room) took
two years to finish course. Note Student in Training Certificate
and Lay Ministry Commission of Foot Reflexology in hand.

I have a basic treatment package that I can build upon according to recipient's need: Dr. Riley's Ultra Massager aka the DRUMmer for activation of the K1 meridian point and the Photoluminescent Reflexology Beamer radiation to the plantar of both feet. I seek to match the recipients durability with the length (5 minutes to 1.5 hours) and intensity (pressure, speed and diameter of reflex tip) of treatment. When K1 stimulus is followed with Reflexology Beamer radiation to the feet reflexes ... most recipients will emerge from the relaxation state in a condition of equilibrium (recipients with a hypersensitivity to light energy are excluded from this aspect of treatment). More extensive reflexology treatment might include the use of thumb-walking, wooden probes, foot joint micro alignment reflexology pressure technique, needle pressure to ear reflexology points, and prayer according to patient request and/or need.

If a recipient feels nauseated or dizzy after treatment, I help them step onto a mini trampoline or sit in the Aerobic Bouncing Chair, and encourage them to very gently bounce for a minute or two. This helps move the waste loosened by reflexology's bio electric effect. Moving it through the lymphatic system ... helping to clear the space between the cells. As normal oxygen levels return to the cells ... the recipient begins smiling again. The re bounder usually helps to solve these type of toxic overload problems.

Dr. Manzanares instructs on reflex stimulus
to thoracic 10-11 which connect with the
bladder, uterus, testes and ovarian.

As a medical physician Dr. J. Manzanares Corominas, MD (cited in a previous question) recommends treating only the condition for which the patients has been diagnosed. This is a safe approach for a novice student when giving treatment to the elderly and those with weak constitutions. But for those wanting to get well and willing to endure the discomfort of deep cleansing reactions (as when debris is dislodged from the interstitium and begins to flow into the lymphatic system for purification and recycling or elimination from the body) you may administer a wider scope of reflex stimulus involving selections from both feet, hands, ears and other selected energy points along the zones and/or meridians of the body.

Never measure the height of a mountain,
until you have reached the top.
Then you will see
how low it was.
Dag Hammarskjold


IV. Do I work on both feet simultaneously? Or one foot at a time?
(to top of page)

Dr. Eunice Ingham Stopfel

Eunice Ingham taught me to entirely work one single foot ... covering all the reflexes ... before proceeding to the second foot. However, a special relaxation treatment focused on the Solar Plexus was her one exception. In class she had me place the thumb of my right hand in contact with the solar plexus reflex on the left foot of the classmate-recipient. Then the thumb of my left hand onto the corresponding reflex of her right foot.

Once every body in the class had both of their thumbs in position on the Solar Plexus reflex points, Eunice signaled us to began to apply a steady pressure to both feet at the same time, gradually increasing the pressure while the recipient (in response to the pressure) started to inhale slowly and deeply. In anticipation of the recipients need to exhale, I followed the instruction to gradually release the thumb pressure while the recipient slowly released the air from her lungs. Then the process was repeated five to nine times in a rhythm compatible with the ability of the recipient to participate.

Eunice Ingham Stopfel's Solar Plexus reflex chart
used to identify area for simultaneous thumb
pressure technique for recipient relaxation.

Eventually I began to experiment by working from foot to foot, i.e., alternating from pituitary to pituitary; right kidney then left kidney; ascending colon then descending colon, left eye then right eye, etc. Over the years ... somewhere along the line ... I began simultaneously working both pituitary points (one on each foot) which required some single hand pressure applications. Some points in the heel had to be worked by crossing your hands ... right hand on recipients right foot and left hand on the left foot.

I was invited to speak at the 1989 North American Reflexology Association Conference held in Toronto on the subject: "Water: The Conductor". There I met another guest speaker named May Post from Pennsylvania. I was pleased to learn that she had been teaching her students to perform reflexology on both feet by alternating between them. Mrs. Post was the first reflexologist I had found who believed in the same approach of altering from foot to foot. I was encouraged to have found another who had been practicing and teaching a similar approach.

After meeting with May I was inspired to further perfect the dual foot approach. Eventually I got good at simultaneous activation of many reflexes, but some points were just not practical to try to work with a single hand (one hand on one foot). Advantage? Yes, you could cover more reflexes in less time by working both feet at once, and there appeared to be more dynamic response with simultaneous stimulus. The Institute's Research Staff has likewise observed and concluded the advantage to simultaneous stimulation to reflexes of both the feet, the hands and the ears.

One disadvantage of working one foot completely before moving to the second foot? Well, I have had recipients suddenly look at their watch, jump up out of the reflexology chair, and run out the door. They had forgotten another appointment and left with only one foot treated. By working both extremities alternately or simultaneously ... this type of half-body treatment situation is avoided entirely.


V. I have watched the Video Demonstration of the Foot Joint Micro alignment Reflexology Pressure Technique, but don't seem able to do it perfectly --- Can you help me?
(to top of page)

1949 photograph of Dr. John Martin Hiss' large clinical practice in Los
Angeles. Note five patients on treatment platform receiving Bone Set
technique. Eleven patients sit in background awaiting their turn.
MIR Video on Foot Joint Micro alignment Reflex Pressure Technique
is based on the Hiss Procedure using a LaFuma Reflexology Chair.

Hiss' great work established a protocol for better understanding of functional disorders in human feet based upon both pathological and mechanical changes that he studied and documented in treatment of 35,000 patients over 25 years of practice in his Clinic. This was his contribution so that practitioner could arrive at more accurate diagnosis. It is important for the modern reflexologist to possess some degree of knowledge about the Hiss Classification of Functional Foot Disorders, so he can recognize and successfully deal with the vast array of abnormalities suffered by the shoe wearing public. This huge reservoir of data has been masterfully deciphered by Hiss and gives reflexologists a framework upon which to build a more successful reflexology practice.

Functional Foot Disorders by John Martin Hiss, B. S., M. A., D. O., M.D., Sc.D., is the foundation upon which the Institute continues to further develop the Foot Joint Micro alignment Reflexology Pressure Technique. This basic procedure is contained on Video #3 and is one of many techniques presented in the Full Spectrum Reflexology Home Study Correspondence Course that is presented on this Website.

Reflexologist Jay Kaufman, DC

As you review the Website and/or take the Home Study Reflexology Course you will be able to determine the techniques with which you are comfortable (some students choose to use hands only and avoid the probes and percussion instruments). There are a few students that have been able to accomplish the Foot Joint Micro alignment Reflexology Pressure Technique. Chiropractor Jay Kaufman watched the video once and had the procedure developed into a routine within an hour. That is Dr. Jay in photo to left performing MIR's Technique on an employee of a bank that hired his services in Hanford, Pennsylvania.

|Dr. Michael Berlin makes judgment on effectiveness
of the Percus-O-Matic jackhammer prototype in his
Lakewood Podiatric Clinic.

The origins of this bone set technique adopted by the Institute go back to MIR Advisory Board Member Dr. Michael Berlin, DPM. In 1990 he gave me a video of the Hiss Whip Snap Technique performed by his podiatry colleague Dr. Shay. Michael told me as we viewed the demonstration together, "Zachary, I think you should learn this art and teach it to the Reflexology profession. It is too time consuming for me to perform in my surgical practice, and very few in our profession want to get involved. Podiatry is primarily into foot orthosis, medicine and surgery, so I think it would be an ideal fit with your reflexology relaxation techniques."

1993 Harvey Lampell

But it wasn't until Harvey Lampell gave a presentation of foot bone alignment at the 1993 International Council of Reflexology in Melbourne, Australia (assisted by his student Bill Rhenquist) that I was motivated to make a definitive move in this new direction. I invited Reflexologist Harvey Lampell, DPM to teach a special class to friends of the Institute in Denver. He accepted. Lampell had developed his unique reflexology procedure of bone alignment as a Podiatric-Reflexologist. He had initially drawn on the aforementioned writings of Hiss who had operated The Clinical Academy of Science in the City of Los Angeles, California since 1924. Although the Hiss book was like Harvey's Bible, he continued to search the world for new insights into his new found art in order to develop the best foot bone alignment procedure.

MIR Tutor Dise Withers was trained by Dr. Lampell on his
visit. Here he shows foot joint micro alignment reflex
pressure technique to students at MIR. Zachary observes.
The Lampell procedure was performed face-down.
Hiss' bone set thrust was delivered face-up.

"Once I got on an airplane and flew to Europe to see a unique joint adjustment that sounded new to me, but when I got there I found out the man had not been entirely honest with me. I was deeply disappointed to find there was nothing new or even different about his demonstration," stated Harvey in a conversation with me during his seminar at the Institute. "Zachary, I am pleased to be here at the Institute. MIR is the only Reflexology School that I have ever visited which has an actual physical building where classes can be conducted. You have what I call a real school."

Dise Tutoring Students at MIR.
Lampell's cuboid thrust is next.

Twelve students attended Harvey's initial training class at MIR. It was video taped so they could continue to study the specific moves taught by Lampell. At the conclusion of the seminar the MIR Doctoral Board presented Harvey Lampell with a Doctor of Reflexology Diploma in recognition of his great contribution of Bone Reflex Alignment to the reflexology profession. He gladly received the handsome certificate and hung it on his wall. Later, when he returned for a second visit to MIR before departing to Australia for a second teaching tour "down under" ... he shared a disappointing experience with me: "There are some leaders in the profession who told me that I should not have accepted the Reflexology Doctorate from MIR and that I should give it back. But I am proud to have been issued a Doctor of Reflexology by the MIR Doctoral Board, and I told them so. I spoke firmly when I told them I was not going to give the certificate back. Reflexology needs doctors just like any other profession ... and I intend to stand by the Institute in this pioneering effort. "

Harvey Lampell, DPM

Since Harvey had reversed the Hiss procedure by positioning the recipient face down on a table (rather than face upward or forward in a chair), I had to later reverse the Lampell procedure in order to work from the LaFuma Reflexology Chair (this was done with the assistance of MIR Advisory Board Member, Dr. Robert Timm, DPM, who himself was very adept at the Hiss Bone Set Technique). Hence MIR's training video presents all moves from the angle utilized by Hiss himself (the Whip Snap is the only Hiss foot manipulation done face-down or away from the practitioner).

A major plea by Hiss throughout his writings is a call for the recognition of the minor subluxations that escape x-ray detection, but are nevertheless responsible for much suffering. His great work proved that a negative x-ray finding does not necessarily exclude the possibility of structural and hence functional changes in feet. After over ten years of clinical practice and observation MIR Research Clinic has coined a term for the correction of these minor subluxations: foot joint micro alignment. The term has been further extended to make it "reflexology's own" by identifying the process or the mechanism for the corrective action as: reflexology pressure technique.

Reflexologist Lampell stressed one very important point over this issue of minor subluxations ... the ones that don't show up on an x-ray: "There are instances when a sensitive spot has nothing to do with a reflex, but is actually a foot joint that needs correction. You can massage that reflex for months, but the pain will not disappear until the minor subluxation is corrected."

Zachary gives Whip Snap micro alignment
ReflexoCure pressure-thrust to cuboid bone
during Nurses Week at Thornton Hospital.
This Hiss move requires a face-away position.

Now, if the pain disappears following micro alignment of the joint ... which I have done many times ... it becomes obvious that the sensitivity was not a reflex at all, but indeed the joint itself. I have done these reflexology pressure-thrust techniques many times when correcting the posture of the cuboid bone: when it was rotated medially. This medial rotation puts pressure on the lateral nerve and causes pain between the 3th and 4th metatarsal/phalangeal joints. I have been able to relieve this pain (which is sometimes mistaken for a Morton's neuroma) on many occasions with a specific ReflexoCure pressure thrust technique which has been demonstrated in above photo and on Video #3.

There is a law that has emerged from the work of Hiss which became known as the Hiss Law: Comfort varies directly with function. Hiss showed that only a careful consideration of function will reveal the cause of foot pains, no matter how misleading the pathology may appear at times. Since the human foot possesses a range of functional activity far beyond ordinary needs, deformity and pathological changes may be present to a considerable extent before the range of necessary function is encroached upon. "No matter how extensive the pathological background, or how hopeless the picture may appear, we here at Hiss clinic accept the status quo of the feet and make every effort to improve function. The results are often surprising." (Hiss, page 21.)

Dr. Hiss prepares to reset the transverse arch.

"Clinical judgment upon examination as to prognosis depends upon determining just how much improvement can be made in function, and not upon the expectation of complete correction of abnormal structure. THE MINIMUM OF STRUCTURAL CHANGE NEEDED TO RESTORE COMFORT IS ALL THAT IS NECESSARY. If one can thoroughly understand the ramifications of this law, and then master the fundamentals underlying good foot function, he will have a comprehensive knowledge of the feet." (Note: Hiss would exhaust all methodologies before resorting to surgery, but in some cases the scalpel was the only choice.)

Plantar Fascitis or Heal Spur: the cause and cure.

Inflammation at point C is the end result of weight bearing forces and movement medially upon the spring arch. This causes severe strain on the plantar muscles A, and plantar fascia B (a strong band of fibrous tissues). Inflammation of the muscle, fascia and periosteum at the point of insertion in the heel causes painful inflammation. A spur may form at point C (but is not the cause of the pain) as the body endeavors to strengthen this spot by throwing out fibrous connective tissue ... an attempt to splint a point of great stress. "Manipulative treatments for the correction of the eversion (pronation), as far as possible, and relieving the tension on the plantar structure will end the distress." ( Hiss, page 351.)

Heel x-rays of Hiss patient who had pain in only one of his heels.

Evidence that heel spurs don't cause pain if pointed forward and in line with the plantar aponeurosis is show in a patient x-ray above. "The picture in Figure 4 shows a large heel spur that never caused the patient pain. Figure 5 is a picture of his other heel that has been very painful for years. This patient entered our Clinic on crutches but was relieved when strain was removed from the plantar muscles with specific and selective bone-setting. There is evidence in Figure 5 of periosteal inflammation, but no well formed spur. Painful heels are only symptoms of arch strain, in most cases, whether a spur is present or not. The presence of a forward projecting spur is ignored completely in our Clinic treatments. If joint tension can be released and muscle strain relieved, which is done in 75% of our cases, the pain in the heels is stopped. The point: Comfort depends upon good function." (Hiss, page 25 & 354.)

Dr. Riley's Ultra Massager signals brain with direct current of injury.
In return the brain releases the direct current of regeneration into
the body ... the bulls eye is the feet.


Full Spectrum Reflexologists who employ Dr. Riley's Ultra (Reflexology) Massager have had a high degree of success relieving the inflammation at the insertion point on the (os calcus) calcaneous (heel), but those that incorporate micro alignment reflexology pressure techniques (in conjunction with the DRUMmer) are having even better results. Bear in mind, however, that heel pain can also be caused by sciatica which has nothing to do with with a functional foot disorder, but rather the impingement of the sciatic nerve (historically, sciatica has responded well to traditional reflexology techniques).

Jackhammer worked miracles for ten years.

Lampell required 18 treatments over a six week period in order to correct eversion (pronation) or relieve the discomfort of extreme conditions of Halux Valgus in a recipient. The challenge after making the correction was getting it to hold position or stay in place. However, I have experienced one-treatment-corrections to a variety of functional foot disorders over the last 10 years that held strongly in position after the initial treatment. This was due to employment of both the DRUMmer (or Jackhammer) and radiant light energy. Proper preparation of the musculoskeletal foot before delivery of dynamic foot joint micro alignment reflexology pressure technique procedure ... with the DRUMmer, Photoluminescent Reflex Beamer III-3b and/or the MIR Emitter ... saves time and gives a nearly painless treatment. An hour treatment may consist of 10 minutes of DRUMmer, 30 to 45 minutes of radiant light energy and 5 minutes of Micro alignment Reflexology Pressure Technique (Hiss would spend a maximum of 3 minutes).

End result of unnecessary and/or bad surgical technique.
Hiss Book

The picture above shows the end result of too much surgery. "This case was operated six times previous to entering our Clinic. The first operation was followed in six months by increased pain in the heel. After each successive operation, the pain recurred and the patient sought a different surgeon each time. After the sixth operation, this man could hardly walk at all. Good surgical results are possible, with expert technique that causes the minimum of trauma to the periosteum; but a surgeon should never make the incision on the sole of the foot." (Hiss, page 354.)

Bill Rhenquist was a close associate of Harvey Lampell. Bill assisted when Harvey taught Foot Joint Alignment at the 1993 ICR meeting in Melbourne. Bill later taught a seminar at MIR after breaking away from Lampell. He had developed a slightly different approach which he named "Foot Loosening" because of his concern that the medical fraternity might think reflexologist were infringing on their territory or indulging in the practice of medicine. (This concern was set aside by a dissertation by MIR Advisory Board Member, Alfred Bird Bear Obes, MD, who clarified that all disciplines have a measure of overlap.)

Bill Rhenquist move talus into position
on the calcaneous or heel bone during
class held at MIR

Lampell, Rhenquist and myself all adhere to the firm directive of Hiss when preparing to set a bone: "In describing technique, 'specific' means all the word implies. In all specific adjustments, the operator must have a definite purpose in mind. He must know just which bone he wants to set; just the direction in which he want to move the bone and he must have a definite reason for moving this bone. In the specific setting of any displaced bone, the operator must know the plane of the joint and the direction of motion in the normal joint, in order that his forces might be applied in the proper direction without locking the joint. In applying specific technique, you must concentrate on the particular bone you wish to set, and not practice a technique that is composed of a lot of careless motions at various angles." (Hiss, page 341.)

Rheinquist Foot Loosening Graduation Class at MIR.

Bill's first class held at the Institute had a MIR Student in attendance named Adrian Fahey (she is ARCB secretary) as well as some members of the Associated Reflexologists of Colorado. The Class was a great success for those who attended ... many of whom are still practicing Bill's modified Lampell technique to this very day.

Bill prepares to correct the backward
displacement of the upper end of the
fibula to help correct eversion of foot.

What I suggest for those MIR Students that seem to be overwhelmed with the many thrusts and angles and pressures involved in this new reflexology procedure: simply continue to watch the video and keep practicing the routine (lightly going through the pressures with gentle thrusts) with every willing reflexology recipient. Hiss was convinced that he did not attain real skill with any of his foot procedures until after he had used a specific technique at least 10,000 times. Lampell set the number at 1000 times, so don't be discouraged. You will eventually begin to get the feel of this emerging reflexology procedure, even though at first you may not think you are doing the movements exactly as described or demonstrated.

Foot Joint Micro alignment Kit
MIR's youngest student studies Video #3
with foot bone model in hand.
Note Hiss Book on table.
Order Kit

Then ... when it is convenient for you to come to Denver ... I will be able to help you to improve your technique of foot joint micro alignment reflexology pressure technique ... some students catch on in as little as ten minutes. Between now and then you must apply yourself diligently. I suggest you buy a foot bone model and start sleeping with it ... holding it loosely in your hand (smile) at night.


Podiatrist - Foot Specialist
2210 South Federal Blvd.
Denver, Colorado 80219

February 1, 1994

Mountain Medical Affiliates
1385 South Colorado Blvd.
Suite #620
Denver, CO 80222

Attention: Executive Director, Barbara Brett

Re: Zachary K. Brinkerhoff, D.R.

Dear Ms. Brett:

As a current MMP physician I am providing this "letter of medical back-up" for the purpose of informing you of my intent to co-admit in accordance with current MMP Policy in behalf of Zachary K. Brinkerhoff, D.R. should one of his patients require inpatient admission.

I have personally known and have referred my patients to Dr. Brinkerhoff, a foot reflexologist, for over six years. His advanced foot reflex massage techniques and therapeutic measures have been very beneficial to my patients.

I recommend him to MMA for the performance of medical massages in Reflexology and the Hiss Technique of foot joint mobilization. He will be a very valuable asset in this specialized area.

Yours truly

Michael J. Berlin, D.P.M.

Michael Berlin holds Percus-O-Matic prototype
as he poses with his office staff.

New Reflexology Treatment Protocol

When I awoke on 5/07/05 my first thought was about the Hiss Law: Comfort varies directly with Function. As I lay in a state of contemplation upon my bed I began to apply the Hiss Law to the general practice of ReflexoCure aka reflexology. I determined that if a ReflexoCurist aka reflexologist would understand the dysfunction's of the human body as Hiss dealt with the functional disorders of the feet, our ReflexoCure aka reflexology treatments might be performed in a new light. Point of consideration: If a recipient doesn't want to work toward a cure of his disease by mutual participation or if the malady is of a permanent nature (not within the body's self-healing mechanism), then we can more realistically work to accomplish sufficient change in bodily function so as to alleviate pain, restore comfort and instill a sense of well-being.

Yes, sometimes we do experience one-treatment cures or have problems resolved after a year of regular professional treatments and daily self-help, but most often it is the when-I-think-of-it recipient who will emerge from ReflexoCure treatment more able to breathe with ease, but can't run the mile; more able to move his shoulder without pain, although he can't lift 100 pounds; or is more likely to walk three miles, but can't run for one block. He will have comfort returned for a season and will either come back for another treatment, perform self-help or maybe both (there are some who will conclude ReflexoCure or reflexology doesn't really work when symptoms return or would rather stay sick in order to reap the benefits bestowed on them by society.)

So, we need to clarify the limits within which ReflexoCure or reflexology functions to the recipient and then determine the level of participation the recipient is willing to contribute. We can't force the inquirer to obey our recommendations and we must learn to deliver a treatment that meets their request. A reflexology practitioner or ReflexoCurist must learn to be content with whatever measure of comfort can be restored under the restrictions laid out by the recipient or by the recipients conditions. If your recipient is not yet desperate or not the adventurous type ... stick to Hiss' Law.

Life only demands from you
the strength you possess.
Only one feat is possible---
Not to have run away.
Dag Hammarskjold


VI. The plethora of possible reflexology side effects listed in the Full Disclosure seems rather extreme. Are we required to have recipients read this document?
(to top of page)

Full Disclosure Statement in the Log Book shown below:

I understand that MY student/graduate/freelance/teacher practitioner does not administer allopathic medicine and I will not construe anything said or diagrams alluded to as a medical diagnosis, treatment or prescription for disease of any kind.

I accept that the dynamics of full spectrum reflex stimulation (including use of experimental devices) could produce unanticipated results such as development of blood clots, breakage of spurs, unsuspected kidney and/or gall stone discharge; breakage of bones; bruising of tissues; or expansion of foot size. I have no reason to believe that I am likely to experience these reactions, but should they occur I will not hold my practitioner liable since he/she will be working within the framework of my tolerance according to my directives. I hereby agree to be an active participant in the treatment.

I accept that there may be some physiological and/or psychological responses which are sometimes related to the body's self-healing process such as: nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, muscle soreness, fever, profuse sweating, chills, confusion or depression.

I further understand that alleviation of pain is not always synonymous with 'recovery' and I will therefore refrain from any excessive activity that might cause further injury to myself.

I also acknowledge that physical death could occur at any time apart from my own anticipation or expectation, and so might also happen during or following treatment. Hence I give notice to all my family members that I hold my practitioner entirely blameless in such an event.

I also affirm that I am not aware of (nor have been diagnosed as having) any condition that might create life threatening responses by the application of stimulus to the reflex zones of my feet, hands, ears or other specifically identified energy points on the body. My signature placed in this REFLEXOLOGIST LOG BOOK declares that I have read and understand this Disclosure Statement and I do submit myself to this and subsequent treatments of my own free will. END.

Tomorrow we shall meet,
Death and I---
And he shall thrust his sword
Into one who is wide awake.

But in the meantime
how grievous the memory
of hours frittered away.

Dag Hammarskjold

Just a week ago an MIR Freelance Reflexology practitioner (with several thousand hours of experience) called to tell me about a possible side-effect sustained by a regular client. She was deeply concerned for the recovery of her recipient and further troubled that she had chosen to operate without the recommended reflexology practitioner insurance coverage. Her recipient (with a history of a previous blood clot) had ended up in the hospital with the symptoms of another blood clot.

The blood clot (in the illustration above) that has interrupted the
blood supply to the brain can also create the same problem in
any other organ or gland or specialized cell group found within
the human frame.

My first question: "Did your recipient of treatment both read and sign MIR's Full Disclosure Document?" I was surprised when she said that she had never used the Full Disclosure Statement, but had chosen to do avocational reflexology on a donation basis as a ministry. "I was trusting God to keep my recipients safe from any of those negative aftereffects."

I had also practiced avocational reflexology on a donation basis from 1967 till 1990. I also had trusted my Heavenly Father for protection of myself and my recipients during those many years. I would verbally prepare my recipients for possible aftereffects ... and I had a few mishaps along the way. However, I didn't obtain professional liability/malpractice insurance coverage until I opened Afoot Connection Reflexology Center here in Lakewood, Colorado. When we finally decide to take that position as a professional reflexology practitioner ... professional insurance coverage is a must. Remember, that insurance is legally required if you work as an independent contractor in a public facility or at an event or within the framework of another person's business.

Inquiries or Complaints
Valerie Briggs (303) 894-2960

When Dr. Clement T. Wittman, DN passed responsibility for the Modern Institute of Reflexology over to me in 1989 ... I was almost overwhelmed. But the State of Colorado, Division of Private Occupational Schools forced me into a legal mold of legislative law ... part of which required that MIR provide a Student Blanket Insurance Policy. At first I resisted the effort of DPOS, but my submission to legal conformity made the Modern Institute of Reflexology the first State Approved and Regulated Occupational/Vocational Reflexology School in the USA.

The origins of MIR's Disclosure Statement began with the MIR Advisory Board Members. Dr. Michael Berlin, DPM advised me to keep it on the totally positive vein: "Zachary, don't mention anything negative. Simply mention that side-effects may occur." However, Dr. William Cottrell, MD (Orthopedic Surgeon) came in very strong at the other extreme: "Zachary, I have never been sued for a hip or knee replacement that went bad. Why? Because I have always painted the picture with the gloomiest possible outcome. So, when the result is better than my Disclosure? Patients are more understanding and accepting ... even though it may not be a perfect result. My recommendation? Make your Full Disclosure as negative as you possibly can ... give fair warning to your recipients and you will lower the probability of a lawsuit."

I had a Naturopathic Doctor drop out of the Home Study Course because of the above Disclosure Statement. He said that he didn't want to suggest anything negative to his patients, but desired to keep every thing positive. Other students have rewritten the Disclosure to fit their own belief system rather than dropping out; and some avoided using any Disclosure altogether. MIR Student Kathleen Hamm Jones sent me some changes that she made on her disclosure that she believed were necessary to make the "death statement" more palatable. We have incorporated her and others ideas. The original Full Disclosure Statement continues to evolve ... so send us your suggestions.

The Full Spectrum Reflexology Method presented in the Home Study Course allows a person to develop his own personalized style of reflexology from a vast array of techniques. One may choose to use only his hands for reflex activation, while another may pick and choose various instruments from time to time as he gains experience and expands his practice. Again, every student is required to compose his own Reflexology Creed during the learning process; which reveals his philosophy of practice. Likewise, a graduate may eventually develop his own Full Disclosure Document, if he feels it is important (as I have stressed) to have one. A graduate who designs their own Full Disclosure Statement will probably develop one that more perfectly fits their personal philosophy ... much like the Creed.

Historical Injury Case in Point: In 2004 I was served with papers to appear in court for injury sustained by a recipient injured under treatment at Afoot Connection Reflexology Center. As the owner I had to accept responsibility. My error: I had allowed the offending practitioner to work without a valid insurance policy. So, I called the Lawyer and told him to bill me for all medical expenses, work loss, lawyers fees, pain and suffering. I wanted the injured person to be fully compensated. No court appearance. No lawyers fees. All moneys would go to the injured party. Counsel had advised me: "Come to terms with your accuser promptly ... before he surrenders you to the judge ... " (Matthew 5:25)

How much did this claim total? I paid $10,000 and the uninsured practitioner agreed with me to assume some responsibility and pay the balance of $5,000. Now, how much would an insurance policy have cost per year? $99.00. $170.00. $250.00. $650.00. You can take your pick ... depending on the coverage you think you need. It is also important to remember that the practitioner is morally responsible for costs to his recipients for any injury or malpractice regardless of a Full Disclosure Document. Think. Would you rather pay a little each year ... or a lump sum if trouble arises?

However, for the recipient who may not relish surprises ... a Full Disclosure Statement will be important. It has also been valuable to me as a reflexology practitioner over the years. Once I was giving a regular client her fifth treatment when calamity struck. While working with her claw toes I pulled one of them beyond it's range of anatomical integrity. She had warned me of a sharp pain, but I disregarded her warning and gave it just one more firm pull. A fracture occurred.

100 milliwatt Laser to styloid process
of the fifth metatarsal aka the bladder meridian source point.

"Well, I can't really complain about you fracturing the digit in that toe of my osteoporotic feet," said my recipient after x-ray by a podiatrist showed a hairline fracture. "You warned me in that Full Disclosure that a bone could be broken. So I guess there is nothing I can do about it; except come to you for the free treatments offered to all clients who sustain injury by your hand. You say laser treatment will heal this break in two weeks? Amazing."

It has always been my personal policy to give a full refund to dissatisfied recipients or free treatments to those who may have suffered a side-effect, aftereffect or sustained an injury ... such as the lady's broken toe sited above. Lasers have always been my treatment of choice for healing of broken foot bones (I've only caused one such break in 38 years). When injury or setbacks do occur ... the challenge for the reflexology practitioner is to convince his recipient to accept treatment ... many symptoms of which are sometimes necessary steps to regaining the health they are seeking.

Never look down
to test the ground
before taking your next step:
only he who keeps his eye
fixed on the far horizon
will find his right road.
dag hammarskjold, 1930

VII. What does ear coning or candling have to do with reflexology? Does it really remove ear wax? Does it really have health benefits?
(to top of page)

Many Holistic Healthcare Practitioners are today practicing what is called in the industry: Ear Coning or Candling. Many Reflexologists have take up the practice. As a Professional Reflexocure/Reflexology Practitioner concerned about this issue, I wish to address the controversy and misunderstanding that surrounds the removal of cerumen (earwax) from the ear canal utilizing what are called: Ear Cones or Candles (illustrated in cartoon above). Note: Cerumen is the yellow waxy secretion from the glands of the external ear -- called also earwax.

Here are some typical statements from a manufacturer of ear Cones/Candles which we will attempt to address in our answer to your question:

  • "Most people are aware of some crackling and popping as the candle is burned and the earwax is being pulled out."
  • "Most people think that all they have in their ears is earwax. However, most difficulties are due to substances other than wax. If you have a history of prescription drugs and/or poor diet, you will have large amounts of a powdery substance emerge. If you're a farmer, what comes out of your ears may wiggle (worms), for a plasterer, old plaster dust and so on. What comes out of your ears is determined by your external and internal environment."
  • "We prefer to make rose cones. The rose oil becomes a part of the smoke that goes into the sinus and nasal cavities and soothes them. The human body has the potential of vibrating at 200,000 cycles per second. The average persons frequency is about 20,000 cycles or one tenth of what is possible. Since ear coning elevates the electromagnetic frequency of the body, we prefer to use the highest possible grade of cone ingredients. The higher your frequency, the easier it is to function and create."
  • "If a person has a great deal of embedded wax buildup, I suggest they go to an eye, ear, nose and throat specialist to have it removed. Ear coning will remove the wax; however the process can be quite slow and therefore costly, if done by a professional. Regular maintenance of the ears through monthly coning will maintain healthy ears." END.

Many years ago I was forced by my conscience to conduct a test to show if an ear cone/candle can actually remove the sometimes annoying buildup of cerumen (earwax). This decision occurred when I was pressed by a first-time client who came seeking my ear-candling services in 1987 (I had retired earlier from my short-lived ear-candling practice).

I must confess that it was my Mother who originally involved me in ear-candling. She took me to her personal ear-candler who operated a high profile ear-candling clinic in Estes Park, CO. The ear-candlier was distinguished with a Ph.D. in Education. Even my little brother Thomas was convinced after a treatment from her hand. To this very day he believes that she removed earwax from his ears through an ear cone/candle: "I can hear better now, brother, since she removed the earwax from my ears. Come, you need to have this done to you too." (The truth is that she scraped out his earwax with a miniature long-handled scoop as she intermittently removed the burning candle to inspect the ear with her otoscope: "It coming up, the wax is coming up," she would exclaim as she wielded her scoop and drew up a little more earwax.) The outcome of my earwax test was destined to drive a wedge into my genetic family ... all of whom I love deeply.

Now, let's return to a first-time ear-candling client. I told her that I had quit the business because I had reached the conclusion that the ear-cone/candles didn't actually remove earwax or fungus from the ear, but could actually put candle wax into the ear. I explained my observation: that the reverse may occur as the hot gases that enter the ear canal from the combustion of the candle begin to cool and condense in the ear canal. These hot gases can actually precipitate the wax molecules into small globules that will then stick to the wall of the ear canal. I told her I made these observations with a $350.00 medical otoscope which I had purchased as part of my original 'ear-candliers' practice after training by the Ph.D.

No earwax was removed.

My first-timer didn't seem convinced that I knew what I was talking about, so I related the incident that I had had with my first client Tony Sedar. Tony's ears were so impacted with earwax that I couldn't see his tympanic membrane (ear drum) through my new otoscope in either ear. After burning four cone/candles in an attempt to remove the earwax from ear #1 ... my last inspection of the earwax-mass showed that it hadn't changed in its configuration ... not even one iota (those four candles produced enough earwax to plug eight ears).

Needless to say ... the first-time client under discussion didn't believe my negative experience. So I said to her, "Well, let the two of us conduct an experiment so we can settle this matter. I will place this professionally made ear-candle in a fold on this hand towel. We will light the ear-candle and see if it draws any earwax from the towel. Now, if we do draw earwax from the towel ... we will have to seriously consider that the earwax we think we are drawing from the ear is coming from the same source as the earwax we drew from the hand towel."

My client agreed to go along with my earwax-test idea, so I proceeded to light the candle and let it burn halfway down. After I extinguished the flame I took the scissors in hand and asked, "Are we both ready for the moment of truth (I had never done this towel-test before)? If we find earwax drawn from the towel or, conversely, no earwax drawn from the towel ... what might we conclude?"

I proceeded to cut the candle open ... as we ear-candliers are prone to do. Inside this test-candle (which was burned with the ear-end pressed into the fold of a hand towel) was a blob of earwax drawn ... from the towel? Enough earwax was present to actually plug up an ear if it was in turn packed into the ear canal.

Now, how strong is a person's belief in "whatever" he has come to believe? Is it strong enough to deny evidence to the contrary? My potential client who had come to me for earwax removal blurted out: "I don't care what I have seen in that test-candle. I still believe they have removed earwax from my ear canal and I want you to candle both of my ears. That is why I came today."

I told her that I hadn't seen any evidence (thus far in my life) that a flaming ear-candle could remove earwax or fungus from any recipient's ear, but that I did believe there was a therapeutic effect from the hot gases flowing into the ear canal. I explained that thermal activation of ear canal reflexes (discovered by Dr. William Fitzgerald, MD, founder of Zone Therapy here in the USA) was very healing to the whole body. I told her the thermal effect helped explain some of the health benefits from the procedure ... earwax aside. For those candles containing essential oils, the oils will become the byproduct of combustion and will pass their medicinal effect via the vapors as they penetrate the Eustachian tube and pass through (osmosis) the tempanic membrane into the inner ear.

I willingly admitted to the power of the placebo-effect (created by belief in the mind of the recipient). I explained to my first-timer that the placebo-effect is a legitimate process that produces healing. This placebo may occur when the recipient sees what appears to be earwax in the spent ear-candle ... earwax they are free to imagine was removed from their own ear canal. That belief may trigger the brain to release the direct current of regeneration into the body which will produce a degree of healing. And that can be a good thing.

[Personal Note: I believe that a pathogenic accumulation of earwax (like my first client Tony suffered) can be totally removed by a spoken word of faith. Rabbi Yeshua (Jesus) explained the element, function and basis of this faith clearly, "Truly I say to you, Whoever should say to this mountain, 'Be moved and fall into the sea', and does not doubt in his heart, but believe that what he says will be done, it will be done to him. Therefore I say to you, Anything you pray for and ask, believe that you will receive it, and it will be done for you. And when you stand up to pray, forgive whatever you have against any man, so that your Father in heaven will forgive you your trespasses. But if you will not forgive, even your Father in heaven will not forgive you your trespasses." Mark 11:23, translated from the Peshitta text.]

End view of burning ear candle.

"I don't care what you say this test of yours proves ... I want you to give me an ear-candle job today because I know it removes earwax from my ears," she said in defiance of my plea to face the earwax reality. I explained that I would be playing the role of a quack if I did the ear-candling ... knowing that she believed it was removing earwax. But, at her insistence I proceeded to perform the requested ear-candling. Afterward she was happy. She was content. She was fulfilled.

She opened her purse to pay for the treatment and asked me how much she owed. "I can't take your money. If I did I would be receiving money for something that didn't occur, and that would make me a quack. So, just keep your money. This one is on the house. No charge. Glad to oblige."

She left that day strongly convinced that I had removed earwax from her ears. I would have charged her for the ear-candling treatment if she had conceded that the purpose of treatment was the thermal reflexology effect (my ear-cones had no essential oils embedded in the cones), but she clung to her belief that I had removed earwax in spite of otoscope evidence to the contrary. Therefore, I couldn't charge her for the treatment.

Photoluminescent Reflex Beamer I-1 radiates auricular and ear canal.

Here at MIR Clinic everyone utilizes the thermal reflexocure effect in both the ear canal and the inner ear using radiant energy infrared lamps (sometimes I rub essential oil on the auricular). The middle and far infrared rays penetrate human tissue up to three inches in depth. These lamps will also simultaneously stimulate all 120 reflex points in the auricular (outer ear) and can be done with less trouble than a flaming ear-candle. The lamp won't set fire to your hair or drip hot wax into your sensitive ear canal.

However, if I were to practice ear-candling for the thermal reflexocure/reflexology effect, I would not open the candle to examine for earwax or fungus. Opening the spent candle is leading people to believe (without a word being said on my part) that what they see in the burned candle has come out of their ear. That would be dishonest.

As a Lay Minister of Foot Reflexology I don't want to lead people into a realm of belief that is based on a deception. The Bible calls it a "lying wonder". People do "wonder" when they see the earwax and other ash debris, and they might be led (by what you show them) to believe in a lie. However, the Apostle Paul wrote: "Let us not do evil that good may come." A reflexocurist has no need of a placebo based on a "lying wonder". We can get a 60% placebo based on a legitimate involvement of the client's mind in following the reflexocure process. Add to that what reflexocure actually does and you get an effective-rating of 95%. Official Chinese reflexology studies showing 95% effectiveness have been included in the MIR Home Study.

If you want to speak a word of faith for earwax removal, it will actually disappear from the ear canal (fall into the sea) if you successfully believed. The earwax won't end up in the ear-candle. The only way to know what has actually occurred to the earwax is to make an otoscopic examination of the ear canal both before and after either the ear-candling or your prayer of faith in order to make sure there either is or isn't earwax or other debris at the time. How can you remove earwax and fungus that wasn't there to begin with?

(Candling pictures are for illustration only and
are not actual recipients mentioned in report.)

Truth wears no mask,
bows at no human shrine,
seeks neither place nor applause;
She asks only a hearing.
--- Redfield.

VIII. Is a ReflexoCurist (ReflexoCurist) the same as a Reflexologist?
(to top of page)

The word ReflexoCure (ReflexoCure) or ReflexoCurist (ReflexoCurist) was initially conceived in 1994 through my study of the words Manicure and Pedicure. At the time MIR Advisory Board Member Dr. Richard Long was adamant against the use of the word "cure" for fear of the FDA and/or the FTC and/or the AMA disapproval. I argued that the word "cure" came from the Latin Curare: to take care of. Although Dr. Long had been calling for a new word to describe what a reflex therapist does, he didn't like the idea of being a Pedicure Reflexologist. So I put my inspiration on the shelf for future consideration.

Ten years later (5-24-2005) while wheeling up the pathway along a nearby creek, I was again smitten with a refreshed inspiration to go with the word Cure/Curist: as in Pedicurist or Manicurist. However, this time I tied the word Cure/Curist into a newly created word: ReflexoCure/ReflexoCure. Just like the old-time Pedicurist cared for the feet, a practitioner of Reflexology aka ReflexoCure cares for the reflexes in the feet with an end result that has historically been shown to be therapeutic. Hence a ReflexoCurist/ReflexoCurist would best describe a person who is doing the work. A Reflexologist is one who is studying the reflex zone or meridian points. Therefore the word ReflexoCure/ReflexoCure (verb) describes what a ReflexoCurist/ReflexoCurist (noun) is doing.

So, the Modern Institute of Reflexology has clearly defined and put forth for the profession a new word that best describes what a practitioner of Reflexology or a ReflexoCurist is and does: A ReflexoCurist/ReflexoCurist I am, and ReflexoCure/ReflexoCure I perform. When I study the reflexes I am then a Reflexologist. The study of the reflexes is correctly called Reflexology. So, enjoy these new terms by which you can identify what you are (ReflexoCurist) and what you do (ReflexoCure).

I am excited with this expanded term for what many in the world call Reflexology. I humbly give this more definitive term to the Reflexology or ReflexoCure profession.

The man who is unwilling
to accept the axiom
that he who chooses one path
is denied the others ---
must try to persuade himself
that the logical thing to do
is to remain at the crossroads.
But do not blame the man
who does take a path ---
nor commend him, either.
dag hammarskjold, 1951

IX. Does Fr. Joseph Eugster of Taiwan endorse the MIR Home Study Program?
(to top of page)

Let me start my answer by saying that the Institute endorses the Catholic Priest Fr. Josef Eugster and his technique. His technique includes the applications of heavy lanolin cream to both feet, reflex pressure with index knuckle of both hands and thumbs, a penetrating wooden probe and believing prayer for the guidance of both the practitioner in treatment and the recipient.

Fr. Josef demonstrates his wooden probe.
Dr. Carter Probe

An inquiry from a prospective Chinese recipient may go like this: "Have you been trained by Fr. Josef?" (their belief in you as a ReflexoCurist will hinge on your answer). Recently I received such a call and I was able to say "yes" to the Chinese lady who called for help (she came for a treatment that same day). Fr. Josef's training was a condition of her coming to the Clinic because he is well known for the healthcare revolution he fomented in Taiwan with his technique of Foot Reflex Massage.

Zachary works reflexes on Josef's ear reflex points.

I don't believe that Fr. Josef endorses any school, but he has a training program that qualifies a person to teach his method. Although I have attended one of his seminars, I have not been trained by him as a teacher in his technique. However, he recognizes MIR's techniques as viable as well as pleasant. His opportunity to experience the dynamic of the Full Spectrum Reflexology Method occurred at his seminar in Alna, Maine, aboard the Transcontinental Classroom. He accepted an invitation to have lunch, so I demonstrated both the Oscillator, DRUMmer, and the Percus-O-Matic "jackhammer" before we ate. During our lunch together (he still believes the acorn squash I served him was papaya) he made a statement which showed his confidence in MIR's program: "Zachary, if I ever have any handicap persons come to me for training here in the USA, I am going to send them to you."

Later that afternoon I took Dr. Riley's Ultra Massager aka DRUMmer into the meeting where he applied it for spinal concussion in the mode of Dr. Riley's 1924 Zone Therapy practice. He found spinal concussion of interest, but his focus is the feet ... so his enthusiasm was directed to the impact of the jackhammer upon the K1. His big smile (when I treated him before lunch) told the story as the jackhammer furiously pounded (6,000 impacts/minute) the plantar aspect of his feet.


X. How important are the hand reflexes?
(to top of page)

The first thought the average citizen might have about reflexology? It has something to do with the feet. But the hand reflexes can be equally important, especially when worked in tandem with feet or in conjunction with the ear points. Some practitioners will work the left foot simultaneously with the left hand just like others will work both feet together. In Korea the emphasis is placed on the hands.

Copyright 1979 by Steve Saran, Boulder, CO

Steve Saran's hand reflex chart is shown above as a supplement to other reflex maps with which you may already be familiar. MIR used this chart for five years as one of several contained in the Home Study Package. However, Dr. Saran's parents took over exclusive distribution following his death and the Institute lost its source of supply.

Korean Hand Reflex Therapy
Charts courtesy Koryo Hand Therapy (KHT)


Korean Hand Reflex Therapy is based on the 12 Major Meridians of the human frame which have been reduced into a micro system superimposed onto the two hands. These points are small and very specific in their location on both the anterior and posterior aspect of both hands. Activation is accomplished with stainless steel acupressure probes, Low Level Laser, micro amp direct current electricity, sterile acupuncture needles, or finger pressure. The two charts shown above are considered to be level one out of four levels of study. Dr. Dan Lobash will be teaching a 3 day class right here in Lakewood, Colorado June 25-27, 2008. Contact MIR for details on registration.

Dr. FitzGerald's rubber banding technique.

XI. Has MIR had any experience treating Birds?

Yes, we have a very wonderful case history from MIR Student Jan Butler in Washington State. She has medically cared for either injured or abused Parrots that have been rescued from their plight.

Bubba: Handicap Blue and Gold Macaw

Bubba was born with a right splayed leg that deviated 90 degrees with only half a joint in the hip. She is able to grasp and hold objects, eat food, swing and support her weight and the leg while hanging or moving around in the cage. However it is very difficult for her to put the leg down to stand or walk on it. The original owners failed to obtain the surgery recommended by Karen Allen and after two years of frustration surrendered the severely handicapped parrot to Karen, owner of Birds and More in Torrance, California. Six months later Karen placed Bubba in the home and loving care of Jan Butler.

Jan Butler applies Laser to K1 reflex point.

The splayed leg had pressured the skeletal structure into a twisted deformity that created an even greater problem in the sinus' of Bubba than is normal for the bred. Jan adopted the colorful Macaw in 2000 and by 2006 she began to develop this more severe case of sinus infection; which was being treated as recommended by Tracy Bennett, DVM of Seattle. Jan administered saline flush, allergy medicine, special diet and herbs - but the barometric pressure changes were her worst enemy: her posture slumps; eyes are not open fully; feathers are fluffed around the head and on the face; cries out and digs at her nose with toe nail; rubs her head and face on the cage and toys; shakes her bead repeatedly with lots of sneezes; nose will run; leaves her mouth open to breath and she will quite eating.

"In 2006 I enrolled with MIR's Home Study Course. I felt there must be a way to help a bird with reflexology and light therapy. The day after getting Bubba back from the vet in Seattle I called Dr. Zachary Brinkerhoff at the Institute. He had never treated a bird before, but came up with several ideas for me. I cross checked these ideas with Dr. Bennett to make sure I wouldn't do anything to harm Bubba," explained Jan.

On April 12, 2006 Jan started treatment using the 125 watt Photoluminescent Reflex Beamer I-1 that had come with her course. At a distance of five feet from the bird: four minutes was enough. She got warm and her skin started to get pink. "I felt that the light treatment may have added energy, but did not target the sinus's the way I wanted, so I purchased a pen light laser recommended by Dr. Zachary and combined it with reflex point finger pressure on the feet. Gradually I extended the laser treatment over the whole of each foot. On the tip of the toes I hold the light to the count of seven while making tiny circular motions; and again target what I hope is the K1 point on the bottom of each foot in the same fashion."

Jan discovered that the use of the Low Level Laser Light Pen produced nearly instant physical response when applied to the reflexes on the feet. "When Bubba is having a sinus attack the edges of the nostrils become puffy and bright pink (the normal color is white). As I start with the laser - upon reaching the third toe the puffiness around the nostrils is gone, color is back to white, all the feathers are laying flat and her eyes are open and bright. It is astounding to watch! She becomes very calm and relaxed." Following the laser treatment in the evening or the morning Jan massages each foot, drips the saline into each nostril, gives her herbs and allergy medication if needed, gives her a treat and she is off to her cage or to bed.

"We have not had sinus infection for two years and three months. Over all her feathers look better, she sleeps better without banging the cage all night and is not as cranky. Bubba seems to move through the barometric pressures with greater ease now. We are so grateful and happy for her. She has enough in the world to deal with being handicapped; she doesn't need to be sick and uncomfortable all of the time. She deserves the best we can give her," continued Jan. "I feel that reflexology is a huge part of her health care program. Her response has been amazing to watch, so I will continue these treatments for the rest of her life."

Jan cautions that none of these techniques should be used on a bird unless they have been approved by an attending certified avian vet. The same applies to the use of medications and herbs. Jan will be happy to give you a link to an avian vet. or to Karen Allen "The Parrot Lady" in case you may need information about birds, their habits, health warning updates, toys or diets. Jan's URL is <jansreflexo@q.com>

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This Page Updated:

Director of Studies
Zachary Brinkerhoff addresses student questions about Full Spectrum Reflexology.






















































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































































Zachary purchased this $350 otoscope to examine the ear canal both before and after candling. This high resolution instrument helped him to rationally determine that no wax had been removed from the ear canal of Tony or any subsequent recipient of candling.

















































































































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