is presented with a photo of William
FitzGerald, MD by Zachary Brinkerhoff @ 2008
RAA Conference. Beryle is Chairman of the
the International Council of
Reflexology and speaks highly of
FitzGerald in her many
those of your critics
for whom nothing
is up to standard.
CONFLICT BETWEEN ARCB
& MIR FINALLY ENDS.
The conflict of Modern Institute of Reflexology
with the ARCB Board of Directors over use of electrical powered mechanical percussion
devices/ machines (DRUMmer) for reflex activation during a professional treatment
has come to an end with the release of a letter signed by Lucy
Scarbrough, Secretary of the ARCB Board of Directors on February
Arizona Reflexology Board (AZRA)
Attention: Deb Kortyna
ARCB just met for our annual retreat, and we discussed the use
of mechanical devices in reflexology sessions, and the ARCB-approved
continuing education providers who teach the use of devices.
We agreed to change #24 in the ARCB Professional Business Standards
and Conduct to read: "The use of tools and/or mechanical
devices not approved by the FDA for use in reflexology is discouraged
because of legal liability and falls outside of the scope of
ARCB Certification." Our conclusion was that ARCB will
not prohibit nor encourage its certificants from using tools,
but does caution that the practitioner may be more open to liability
if tools are used. No ARCB certificant will be de-certified
for using tools and/or mechanical devices in their reflexology
practice, and ARCB-approved continuing education providers who
teach the use of tools are still acceptable.
you for bringing the issue for clarification, and for your support
of ARCB. Please let me know if I can answer any other ARCB-related
ARCB Board of Directors
Registered Certified Reflexologist (ARB, IIR)
"What you're not up
you're down on."
The American Reflexology Certification Board (which
has prohibited the use of mechanical percussion machines since
its inception in 1991) has now shown a neutral position regarding
Instrument Assisted Reflexology (IAR). The IAR practitioners within the
reflexology profession applauds this more mature decision to at
least allow IAR applications. Our forefathers and mothers likewise
applaud this new face of the ARCB.
Mobile Zone Therapy Clinic
Fountain of Youth Mineral Spa
Zachary is alive & well
so give Him a call.
Zone Therapist Zachary Brinkerhoff
was trained by Eunice Ingham in
August 1967. His first year of
IAR practice was at FOYMS
in the winter 1968-69.
(per picture above)
1969 model Niagara Cyclo-massage probe
(sold by Eunice) is wielded by Zachary
L-5 vertebra reflex of a recipient.
The Percuss-O-Matic Machine was approved
by Dr. FitzGerald's Group in 1917
for reflex point applications.
By 1913 Dr. Fitzgerald's group of medical doctors
had fully embraced Zone Therapy which incorporated the use of
metal probes and electrical shock. By the 1920's they began advocating
the application of photon energy lamps in conjunction with Zone
Therapy (MIR has returned the use of infrared ray lamps in reflexological applications to
Zone Therapist William Hope FitzGerald, MD
email: to Pamela FitzGerald Demms Anderegg
Dr. FitzGerald's Granddaughter.
am deeply indebted to your Mother's Father --- William Hope FitzGerald,
MD. Thank you so much for demanding the spelling correction and your request
to: "use a capital 'G' in his last name."
no body in our profession has been able to locate a picture
of Dr. FitzGerald. No one knows what the facial appearance of our Founding
Father was? Could you fill this blank space in our Zone Therapy
-- Reflexology -- ReflexoCure history with a photo? (I am
working with Zone Therapist Ignacio Sanchez on a project to
display the History, Science and Service of Zone Therapy/Reflexology
at the Smithsonian Institute which is scheduled to occur as
part of a renovation project and we desperately need a photo of Dr. FitzGerald.)
other information that you could supply would be helpful to
other members of our profession --- and getting to know him as a
Father or Grandfather through your testimony would be fantastic.
FitzGerald has been partially quoted by some persons in order
to fit his name to their school curriculum/agenda, but the Modern
Institute of Reflexology has held strongly to his clearly stated
principals and techniques in our curriculum and Website presentation.
Some have even ridiculed his use of various instruments, but
MIR has defended him vigorously and will continue to uphold
his philosophy of practice.
have a profound respect and deep love for this brave pioneer
who tread where others in his profession feared to go.Yes, his
first book was published to inform family members how to relieve
pain and cure disease among themselves. His interest was the
cure of the patients malady, not the heft of his bank account.
have updated the Dr. FitzGerald MIR Web page and will catch
other scattered name corrections as I find them, however the
Website index must be tended by my Webmaster.
Kiskadden Brinkerhoff, III
MIR President & Director of Studies
"I can feel my numb toes again - its been 5-years,"
said Diana following treatment with DRUMmer.
She danced around the MIR Vender table
at the 2008 RAA Conference shouting,
"Hallelujah, thank you too,
for upholding my grandfathers
Riley hammers the 7th cervical with original percussor in
1924 before Zone Therapy Treatment.
Joe Shelby Riley, MD
and his wife Elizabeth Ann Riley were trained by Dr. FitzGerald
during his demonstration lectures delivered at their Chiropractic
School in Washington, DC (annually from 1917 to 1920) where he
taught his technique to the Riley Chiropractic Students.
Dr. Riley began to utilize the original Foredom
Percussor (now known as Dr. Riley's Ultra Massager) for
concussion of the spinal vertebrae associated with the targeted
dysfunction being treated with Zone Therapy Reflex Technique (adopted
in the 1920's). Riley and his wife Elizabeth Ann always included
spinal concussion with a Zone Reflex treatment.
The Riley's Physiotherapist, Eunice Ingham, who
went out on the Zone Therapy teaching circuit with his blessing,
also encouraged her student Dr. Clement T. Wittman, founder
of the Modern Institute of Reflexology, to continue his use of
the solenoid powered Percuss-O-Motor machine when she credentialed
him back in 1952.
photo of cable driven massager similar to Dr. Riley's original
percussor shown above. Riley's was a cable powered percussion
machine mounted on a pedestal rather than suspended on a chain
from the ceiling. Above hand piece is identical to MIR's DRUMmer
aka Dr. Riley's Ultra Massager. (Vibrational Medicine, 1912,
M.L.H. Snow, MD. Photo courtesy: Meridian Institute)
screen reenactment of ancient Chinese hammer percussion is performed on the feet of the above recipient in a movie named:
Raise the Red Lantern.
Pencil Probe technique taught to students across USA.
Zachary Brinkerhoff was taught by Zone Therapist
Eunice Ingham-Stopfel in 1967
to use a wooden pencil with an eraser to facilitate stimulation
to the pituitary reflex in the great toe. "See? Isn't
that much easier?" She is quoted as saying as she leaned
over his shoulder to guide his hands; thus helping Zachary to
hold the probe at the right angle with sufficient pressure. This
led to his use of wooden and stainless steel probes and the once popular Niagara Cyclo-massage vibrating probe machine
to assist him in performing dynamic professional reflex applications.
Eunice Ingham also
taught Kendall Eckert, DR to use a pencil with
an eraser as shown above.
old Niagara Cyclo-massage vibrator probe works Liver
As a pioneering researcher she was always seeking
creative ways to get the job done. She passed this investigative
spirit on to her enthusiastic student, Zachary Brinkerhoff, who
continues to this day in the mode of the AUTHENTIC INGHAM-STOPFEL
REFLEXOLOGY PHILOSOPHY. "I am continually looking for
new tools or improved application of existing machines,"
he said. (Note: Eunice's husband Fred Stopfel always accompanied
her on their nation-wide teaching missions.)
When Dr. Wittman turned the reigns of MIR over to
Brinkerhoff in 1989 he inherited Wittman's Percuss-O-Flex
machine (the offspring of the old Percuss-O-Motor used
by Dr. Fitzgerald's Group and Dr. Riley as far back as 1917).
Due to the overheating problems inherent with solenoid power systems,
the POF machine was slowly displaced by Dr. Brinkerhoff's
infamous air powered Percus-O-Matic jackhammer. Although it was
rather noisy, it helped to produce seemingly miraculous results
in the bodies of the suffering. After 12 years of use it was finally
replaced with the new and improved DRUMmer aka Dr. Riley's Ultra
is the star of the show at the INSTITUTE due to its overall
efficiency. It is portable (plugs into a 110 or 220 volt outlet),
has 8 ReflexoCure probe attachments, and doesn't create
the noise that the old "jackhammer" did. Now
a new student can get professional results on his first attempt
by working the Kidney One (K1) meridian point ... combined with
the rays of the Reflex Beamer shined onto both feet for the recommended
time. The new and improved DRUMmer
aka Dr. Riley's Ultra Massager is able to provide a standardized
reflex activation technique that can be specifically applied
for consistent statistical measurement of results. This will prove
valuable in future controlled study tests conducted to evaluate
reflex activation viability.
of vibrator for home use: powered by
a solenoid like the Percuss-O-Motor and Dr.
Wittman's Percuss-O-Flex machines.
(Vibrational Medicine, ibid)
In 2004 Zachary introduced the new and improved
Dr. Wittman's Reflex-O-Massager in order to provide a low-cost
percussion machine for the Professional Starter Kit. It was proven
to be a very durable machine and the recipients loved the "feel"
as evidenced in above photo (Note: ROM is no longer manufactured).
Mildred Carter with Tammy & Gordon Weber. "I
really do like this DRUMmer," said Mildred as she worked Gordon's
Mildred Carter, who is reported to have soldmore books on
reflexology than any other person here in the USA, was also
trained by Physiotherapist Ingham in the art of reflexology.
In her books Carter describes the benefits of her wooden probe
to both the practitioner and the patient (save your joints
and strength and provide deeper stimulation to difficult and
deeper reflex areas). Dr. Carter, who had recently retired
from public practice and teaching, passed to her eternal reward
on Christmas Day 2005. But she left her family and the Reflexology
profession a great heritage of a life dedicated to making reflexology into a viable profession .
Meanwhile, Mildred's daughter Tammy Weber continues
to market a new and improved wooden probe and other favorites
of Mildred's through Sterling Enterprises. This unique probe comes
with illustrative directions on its proper use. This specialty
probe and her book `Body Reflexology' are an integral
part of MIR's State Approved Occupational Reflexology Certification
Training Program (Gordon & Tammy Weber will continue to
refer prospective students to MIR for professional training. They
have done so since Mildred discontinued her Reflexology Correspondence
"If you do not change direction,
you may end up
where you are heading."
Modern Institute of Reflexology
Those who continue to insist that the "American
Standard" excludes the use of mechanical machines need
only read a book authored by a highly recognized leader of the
profession, Dr. Clement T. Wittman. Dr. Wittman primarily used
a (handheld electric powered) Percuss-O-Flex machine
to create reflex stimulus. He administered over 100,000 treatments
with the Percuss-O-Motor and his beloved Percuss-O-Flex, rather than depend
totally on his thumbs or fingers. Although his Mother
(trained by Eunice Ingham) likewise used the Percuss-O-Motor,
she was also known as "the lady with the steel fingers".
She administered a "healing therapy without drugs".
Yes, Dr. Wittman knew the benefits of the finger technique
well, but believed he had "found a better way".
Today 100's of USA citizens trained by the late
Dr. Wittman continue to use percussion machines and other instruments
to create reflex stimulus in both self-help and professional applications.
Those who became professional under Wittman will now be able to
obtain "certification" from the RCB, NTCB and
now (02-19-2008) the ARCB, because none of them any longer have an instrument/machine prohibition
clause. Graduates from the Modern Institute of Reflexology are
pleased to be able to choose their certification from any one
of the three above mentioned National Certification Boards.
State Board Massage Therapy granted to David Patterson
right to practice Reflexology as
a Massage Therapy Technician based on his MIR Credentials
intent. "I'm in," wrote Dave, "Thanks
for all your help and prayers."
The public will no longer be denied a nationallycertified ReflexoCurist who uses machines for reflex activation.
Now those in need of this dynamic therapy will have access to
these beneficial alternatives, diversified state-of-the-art,
proven-safe, effective, machine applications for reflex activation.
Potential students will no longer be discouraged from training
with MIR and other progressive schools such as Lorraina Telepo's
International Academy of Advanced Reflexology
(which favors the DRUMmer
as the mechanical device of
At the 1994 National Conference of Reflexology held
in Denver, debate erupted over the scope of practice. One lone
voice warned that the base should be very broad, not narrow in
vision. "When government regulators someday step in and
set the limits of your practice, it will be based on what you
say you do. That will be it! Look at the Podiatrists today! They
can't go above the knee in treatment procedures."
Former MIR Advisory Board Member Dr. Robert Timm,
DPM, sounded the same warning: "Don't make the same mistake
we Podiatrists did when we limited our own 'scope of practice'.
Now government regulations dictate that we have to sleep in our
own bed of limitations. We shortchanged ourselves in those early
days out of fear. We gave up too much in our attempt to be recognized
by modern medicine. So, don't follow our example. I say that you
should lengthen the cords of your tent."
The Modern Institute of Reflexology, in order to
protect our profession from Standard/Orthodox Medical 'takeover'
here in the USA: 1) established the experiential Doctor of Reflexology;
2) has proven the value of modern instrumentation to produce safe
reflex activation; 3) and became the first state approved private
occupational reflexology school in the USA.
"Happiness is when what you
what you say, and what you do
are in harmony."
– Mohandas Gandhi
MIR vigorously sought to broaden our scope of practice
in spite of the past opposition from a few self-appointed leaders
with a narrow concept of what reflexology is both historically
and as it is practiced worldwide. MIR students who chose to use
the new and improved Reflexology infrared ray lamp and percussion machines
will now be able to obtain national certification through all
three certification boards which allow practitioners to use
spoken favorably of laser light energy in reflex
applications; similar to infrared rays advocated
Founding Fathers in 1920. She calls it Quantum Reflexology.
The newly clarified position on machines by the
ARCB is founded on Christine Issel's past position delineated
in her book published in February of 1990: "... Let us
not limit ourselves ... let us not fall into the trap of narrow
thinking that other professions have. Furthermore, as reflexology
develops professionally it is critical that reflexologists put
aside their own individual prejudices, and expand their horizons
by objectively considering these concepts and others which will
be developed around the world and put forth in the coming years.
"To excite the activity of a response different
stimuli or a combination of stimuli may be utilized. For example,
heat can be applied in conjunction with the use of electricity
through a heating pad, or chemically with a mustard plaster or
products like Ben-Gay, or with light and/or color as in the use
of a heat lamp. Pressure too can be applied in different ways.
It can be applied only with the hands, combined with implements,
or vibration via a vibrator, or chemically with lotions, creams
or oils. Any or all of these stimuli may be applied to specific
reflex points or areas located on or below the skin to create
a response." (New Frontier Publishing, Reflexology:
Art, Science & History, pages 168-170, February 1990.)
Bisson & Brinkerhoff at 1989 Piqua, OH leadership
conference. Ruby was cured of arthritis by a brutal stick-probe
applied to her feet weekly for a year. "Although
I don't use tools myself, I would never speak against
their use by a professional."
Janet Stetser and others who had been issuing reflexology
credentials in the State of Maine discovered that they were in
violation of State Vocational Laws by such activity. All but one
of these schools has ceased operation of their respective 'school'.
However, the Modern Institute of Reflexology led the way in 1993
by compliance with such laws in Colorado. "We jumped
through all the hoops and became the first vocational/occupational
school of reflexology to be approved and regulated by the state
of its incorporation,"
Lorraina Telepo's school was the second in the USA
to attain such approval in her State of Pennsylvania. "Dr.
Brinkerhoff, you led the way and set an example for other reflexology
schools. Your action motivated me to get my school approved in
Pennsylvania. I am thankful for your leadership in this matter
and pray that other schools will follow suit," stated
Dr. Telepo during a 2003 telephone conversation. Lorraina was
granted a Doctor of Reflexology Credential by the Modern Institute
of Reflexology Credential Confirmation Board (MIRCCB) in recognition
of her great contributions to her beloved field of Reflexology.
Inge Dougans' VacuFlex Machine creates another problem
MIR's summons to leaders here in the USA is to emulate
the example of cooperation and respect exhibited between the different
reflexology schools in South Africa through the formation of the
South African Reflexology Society (SARS). The four South African
schools pulled together under the leadership of Dr. Inge Dougans,
DR; and produced a unified syllabus which still allowed the individual
personality and theories of each school to remain intact. Dr.
Dougans said, "We will stay four different schools so
people will have a choice!"
The world is watching this
Website and many inquirers apparently like MIR's openness to diversity
of technique and philosophy of reflexology practice. Orders for
MIR's Correspondence Course/Home Study Package are increasing
from foreign countries as well as across the USA. MIR now has
a branch in Kuwait under Dr.
Hisham Al Jaser, DR
Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Morocco.
"I do believe it is possible
even without ever writing a word
or painting a picture,
by simply molding one's inner life.
And that too is a deed."
– Etty Hillesum
Peter Lund Frandsen of Denmark with Laura
Aho Jodry, President of RAA. Peter prefers the hand
Laura Aho Jodry lifted RAA into the realm of inclusion
for all techniques. "Even in our own reflexology community
there have been battle lines drawn and no quarter given to new
visionaries or to new theories or to new schools of thought. This
shows that we must also use this time and our energy to work through
and beyond the four CAM stages of acceptance within our own community.
"We should ask ourselves, what is it we
are jockeying for? If it is in fact acceptance into mainstream
thought and health care, then shouldn't we first embrace and work
toward the acceptance of new visions and new ideas within our
"If we consider the acceptance of a new
idea within our field, we can be aware that new ideas and visions
do not necessarily violate the Laws of Reflexology. We should
remember that even within our field we might not always realize
genius as it's introduced, and we may become skeptical of unique
or young visions. We will do well to realize that all ideas are
important and that their time will surely come. What may seem
crazy, insignificant or best ignored at this time may in fact
become reflexology "textbook" material in the future.
Rochkind, MD, Sorasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.
He didn't understand the DRUMmer and reflexology, but
was impressed with the immediate outcome in
"May we always keep our minds focused and
our hearts open to new ideas within our community and without.
May we remember that time is the essence of acceptance. May the
Reflexology visions within our community that were once thought
crazy, insignificant, or best ignored be rediscovered and embraced.
Let us be the acceptance we seek." (Quote on 6/09/04
Issel gets probe pressure by Josephine Tan of Singapore
for the uterus reflex on Kidney Meridian. Laura Norman
and Barbara Mosier watch.
Now that the three reflexology certification boards
have validated and recognized the use of Instrument Assisted Reflexology,
Brinkerhoff sees a new international standard for "harmony
emerging among the freethinking and progressive
members of the Reflexology profession. "I have rejoiced
in South Africa's example and now rejoice that my pray for similar
harmony to emerge here in the USA has occurred with ARCB's change
of Business Ethic #24,"
he said. "The two new
certification boards certainly helped to remove the man-made schism
It has been a 17-year long battle to bring about
this new ARCB change in policy toward IAR. In spite of President
Laura Aho Jodry's optimism, the 2004 Board of Directors attempted
to steer the Reflexology Association of America in the direction
of hands-only techniques. On the RAA Website dated 6/9/04 we read: "To adequately define reflexology, parameters must be
set as to where on the client's anatomy the reflexologist can
work. Tradition aside; the definition of reflexology states
that 'there are zones and reflex areas ... etc.' With the operative
word being 'zones.' While these zones exist throughout the body,
they are most accessible within the feet and hands. To practice
reflexology on areas other than the hands, feet and referral areas,
would constitute an infringement on the territory of other healthcare
helps out in MIR Reflexology Tent at
Lowry Air Force Base in Denver, CO.
"Reflexology is hands-on practice. Client
safety as well as efficacy of application can best be served by
the use of the practitioner's hands, fingers, and thumbs. Tactile
sensory feedback is one of the major principles governing the
practitioner's awareness of subtle changes that may indicate areas
to be investigated. Tools interfere with this feedback,
and improperly or carelessly used, pose a safety risk to the client.
"The use of oils, lotions, and creams before
or during the application of reflexology is strongly discouraged
as its use only serves to blur the lines between reflexology and
massage as well as interfering with sensory feedback." (May
2004 statement @ <www.reflexology-usa.org/standard.htm>)
RAA Conference. Zachary demonstrates the DRUMmer on
lung reflex of the hand. He also drummed the K1 with great
The RAA Board of Directors appeared to have become the final
authority on all issues for the Association ... it seemed
that "Reflexology Tradition and History"
was being set aside. The Reflexology Definition again appeared
to have been narrowed at RAA. The Board appeared to be against
the inclusive of tools which was violating the philosophy of
inclusion advocated by Jodry. This could have spelled another
split in the profession ... the need to create another national
association of reflexologists. Initially the Modern Institute
of Reflexology supported such a movement because the growing
polarization appeared to be forcing the formation of a second
reflexology association made up of hands-plus practitioners
who felt disenfranchised. However, Dr. Brinkerhoff initiated the scrapping
of the blueprint for the new AAR (American Association of Reflexology conceived and developed by Drs Obes & Brinkerhoff)
-- with the belief that unity within RAA could be attained through prayer, attended with
patience and good works produced by the love of Jesus.
Josef Eugster & Zachary Brinkerhoff.
MIR is grateful for the call to unity in the profession
sounded by Father Josef Eugster (as he traveled around the
lower 48 states holding teaching clinics) which is still
echoing throughout the USA. His primary technique contradicted
the negative attitude against use of creams and knuckles in a
professional treatment. His inclusion of wooden probes parallels
the original teaching of Eunice Ingham given at her seminars.
Dr. Eugster's smile of approval after experiencing Dr. Brinkerhoff's
Percus-O-Matic jackhammer and the new Dr. Riley's Ultra Massager
(DRUMmer) helped set the stage for a new era in the USA Reflexology
Yes, big changes were in the air for 2008 with the
gathering of the RAA State Delegates on May 1, 2008. On the table
for discussion ... even potential for debate: the recognition of mechanical devices for reflex
applications in a professional treatment. The debate never occurred
because the ARCB's change of position on Business Ethic #24 was
announced upon the opening of the Delegate Meeting.
We must mention another contributing factor for this big change: the preconference announcement of
the 2008 RAA Presentation by Ignacio Sanchez - the exhibit Honoring
the Pioneers of Reflexology. This exhibit - coupled with MIR's
FitzGerald web page mailed to all RAA Members - helped bring reflexologists
face to face with the important role of reflex instrumentation
from 1913 to the present.
And when the establishment of that vital connection
to Medicare for reflexologic reimbursement finally materializes,
due to the issue of our Reflexology Taxonomy Code issued on January 1,
2008, and the granting of NPI numbers -- it will put our profession
on the medical map and provide a viable income source for licensed
This Report Generated
by Zachary Brinkerhoff, DR. www.reflexologyinstitute.com
Give Zachary a Call Today
is mostly a superstition.
It does not exist in nature,
nor do the children of men
as a whole experience it.
is no safer in the long run
than outright exposure.
Life is a daring adventure
or nothing at all.
The INSTITUTE has had Student Liability
insurance and graduate policies which have covered the use of
instruments since Zachary took the helm of the MODERN INSTITUTE
of REFLEXOLOGY. MIR's insurance policy is now provided by Allied Beauty Experts located in Lone Tree, CO.
"The insurance company which insures a
practitioner is the public's assurance that they are protected
from incompetence. It is the insurers responsibility to investigate
the competency of the schools curriculum, personnel and historical
record of safety; and then stand behind their endorsement with
viable coverage," he said.
MIR has never had a claim against a student on active status.
However, if they do face a claim? They will be covered for any
reflexology reflexological activities approved by the INSTITUTE and proper presentation and signature of recipient on the Full Disclosure
"If you do
what you've always done;
You'll get what you've always got."
The new facility of the Modern Institute of Reflexology
where the Home Study is packaged, tutoring is
received for Instrument Assisted Reflexology,
& Clinical Services are offered to the public.